Niels Henrik David Bohr was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922 “for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them”.
October 7 is his birthday and to remain the whole world the physicist’s outstanding services Google has posted a doodle on its home page.
As in the past, clicking on the doodle will take Internet users to a Google Search Results page for “Niels Bohr.”
“In addition to his major contributions to theoretical physics, Bohr was an excellent administrator. The institute he headed is now named for him, and he helped found CERN, Europe’s great particle accelerator and research station,” the US Public Broadcasting Service said.
Bohr was born in Copenhagen on October 7, 1885 in the family of a Professor of Physiology at Copenhagen University.
At the age of 18 Bohr started studying philosophy and mathematics, receiving his doctorate in 1911. In 1912 he joined the Victoria University of Manchester, and became part of the group of eminent scientists who studied the structure of the atom, CNET reports.
Earlier in 1910, the Danish physicist had met Margrethe Norlund, sister of the mathematician Niels Erik Norlund and married her in Copenhagen in 1912.
One of their sons, Mr Aage Bohr, was born to follow the example of his father to be a world-know physicist who also received the Nobel Prize in the year 1975.
Bohr’s brother, mathematician Harald August Bohr (1887-1951), became famous after he suggested a theory of “almost periodic” functions, and won a Silver Medal playing soccer for the Danish national team in the 1908 Olympics.
During World War II Bohr, in order not to be arrested by the Germans, escaped to Britain. Later he moved to the US to work on the Manhattan Project at the Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico. The Manhattan Project was the first stage on the way to creation the first atom bomb.
The Niels Bohr 127th birthday Google doodle showcases his contributions to science and shows the most outstanding Bohr achievement in physics – his atomic model dir which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1922.
Bohr’s theory had replaced all previously existing descriptions of an atom and its nature and indicated it has a small nucleus surrounded by atomic particles.
“This model introduced by the scientist in 1913, was a radical departure from earlier descriptions of the atom”, The Hindu Business Line writes.
“It showed the atom as one with a small nucleus surrounded by electrons that travel in circular orbits in a structure similar to the solar system, with electrostatic forces providing attraction, not gravity.”
Bohr returned to his homeland as a professor at the University of Copenhagen, and founded the Institute for Theoretical Physics in 1920. He remained director of the institute for the rest of his life.
The Danish physist became a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1926, receiving the Royal Society Copley Medal in 1938. He died in Copenhagen in 1962 of heart failure.